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Hemangiosarcoma FAQs for Vet Students

Posted by Cathy Barnette on June 21, 2021 at 12:34 PM

If you haven’t yet had any experience with hemangiosarcoma, that is likely to change at some point during your career!

Unfortunately, unlike other forms of cancer that tend to creep up slowly, giving clients at least a short period of time to consider the possibilities and decide how to proceed, hemangiosarcoma often presents as an emergency.

If a dog comes in with a hemoabdomen due to a splenic tumor, you must consider hemangiosarcoma as a differential and be prepared to educate your clients within a relatively short period of time.

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Topics: Hemangiosarcoma

The Use of Immunotherapy in Veterinary Oncology

Posted by Cathy Barnette on June 14, 2021 at 12:20 PM

Traditionally, we’ve had three options to defeat cancer in veterinary patients: surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. In recent years, however, we have begun to do more research into a fourth option: immunotherapy. 

When we think of the immune system, we typically think about its ability to recognize and eliminate infectious disease. In reality, however, the immune system can serve the same role in recognizing and eliminating cancer.

Unfortunately, the process of recognizing and eliminating a tumor is much less straightforward than the process involved in recognizing and eliminating a bacterial infection. Tumors have a number of methods for evading the host immune responses, including the production of immunosuppressive cytokines and the alteration of dendritic cell maturation/functions.

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Topics: Oncology, Immunotherapy

Blood Transfusion Calculations: A Quick Refresher for Vet Students

Posted by Cathy Barnette on May 28, 2021 at 7:57 AM

When you envision giving a blood transfusion, you might imagine a scenario where you’re immediately leaping into action during a high-pressure situation. Unfortunately, nothing could be further from the truth! Even after you have performed your crossmatches to confirm compatibility, you will still need to sit down at your desk and spend a few minutes on math. 

Let’s look at these calculations through the lens of a case study.

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Topics: Math Questions, Medical Math

Setting up an MLK Constant Rate Infusion: A Case Study for Vet Students

Posted by Cathy Barnette on May 21, 2021 at 3:28 AM

It’s a relatively quiet night on your first shift as an emergency veterinarian. You’re seeing the normal rotation of skin, ears, and diarrhea cases, with just a few hospitalized patients to monitor through the night. One of those patients is Rex, a 20 kg MN mixed breed dog who presented to the day shift after being hit by a car.

The daytime veterinarian determined that Rex was in pretty good shape, overall, except for a tibial fracture, which she stabilized with a Robert-Jones bandage until a surgeon can repair the fracture (which will likely happen in one to two days). She started Rex on some pain medication, but mentioned that he may need a change in his pain management protocol as his sedation wears off. 

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Topics: Math Questions, morphine-lidocaine-ketamine, MLK, constant rate infusion, Medical Math, CRI

 

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